Bonds are a form of debt. The borrower is the issuer of the bond and the lender is the investor who buys the bond.
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The principal issuers of bonds are governments
Governments issue bonds to cover the shortfall between the amount they raise.
Companies fund themselves with a mixture of bank finance.
Financial institutions issue bonds to finance their business.
This is the entity that issues bonds.
This is one hundredth of one percentage point (i.e. 0.01%).
The maturity of a bond is the date of the final payment due from the issuer
This is the interest rate payable by the borrower on the face value of the bond.
This is the unit of measure, or denomination, of a bond.